WARNING: we don't provide support for this installation method. We cannot guarantee anything if it's used in production. Use it at your own risk.
WARNING 2: It's impossible to predict the result of a build for any Node and NPM versions. Please consider using XOA before trying to play with the manual build, which can be difficult if you are not used to NodeJS and NPM.
Please take time to read this guide carefully.
This installation has been validated against a fresh Debian 8 (Jessie) x64 install. It should be nearly the same on other dpkg systems. For RPM based OS's, it should be close, as most of our dependencies come from NPM and not the OS itself.
As you may have seen,in other parts of the documentation, XO is composed of two parts: xo-server and xo-web. They can be installed separately, even on different machines, but for the sake of simplicity we will set them up together.
XO needs Node.js. Please use Node 8.
We'll consider at this point that you've got a working node on your box. E.g:
$ node -v v8.12.0
If not, see this page for instructions on how to install Node.
Yarn is a package manager that offers more guarantees than npm.
See this page for instructions on how to install Yarn.
XO needs the following packages to be installed. Redis is used as a database by XO.
For example, on Debian:
apt-get install build-essential redis-server libpng-dev git python-minimal libvhdi-utils lvm2
You need to use the
git source code manager to fetch the code. Ideally you should run XO as a non-root user, however if you don't run as root you will not be able to mount NFS remotes. As your chosen non-root (or root) user, run the following:
git clone -b master http://github.com/vatesfr/xen-orchestra
Note: xo-server and xo-web have been migrated to the xen-orchestra mono-repository.
Once you have it, use
yarn, as the non-root (or root) user owning the fetched code, to install the other dependencies. Enter the
xen-orchestra directory and run the following commands:
$ yarn $ yarn build
Now you have to create a config file for
$ cd packages/xo-server $ cp sample.config.yaml .xo-server.yaml
Edit and uncomment it to have the right path to serve
xo-server embeds an HTTP server (we assume that
xo-web are in the same directory). It's near the end of the file:
mounts: '/': '../xo-web/dist/'
distfolder will be created in the next step.
WARNING: YAML is very strict with indentation: use spaces for it, not tabs.
In this config file, you can also change default ports (80 and 443) for xo-server. If you are running the server as a non-root user, you will need to set the port to 1024 or higher.
You can try to start xo-server to see if it works. You should have something like this:
$ yarn start WebServer listening on localhost:80 [INFO] Default user: "firstname.lastname@example.org" with password "admin"
The only part you need to launch is xo-server which is quite easy to do. From the
xen-orchestra/packages/xo-server directory, run the following:
$ yarn start
That's it! Use your browser to visit the xo-server IP address, and it works! :)
If you would like to update your current version, enter your
xen-orchestra directory and run the following:
$ git pull --ff-only $ yarn $ yarn build
Then restart Xen Orchestra if it was running.
- You can use forever to have the process always running:
yarn global add forever # Run the below as the user owning XO forever start bin/xo-server
- Or you can use forever-service to install XO as a system service, so it starts automatically at boot. Run the following as root:
yarn global add forever yarn global add forever-service # Be sure to edit the path below to where your install is located! cd /home/username/xen-orchestra/packages/xo-server/bin/ # Change the username below to the user owning XO forever-service install orchestra -r username -s xo-server
The forever-service command above must be run in the xo-server bin directory. Now you can manage the service, and it will start on boot with the machine:
service orchestra start service orchestra status
If you need to delete the service:
forever-service delete orchestra
If you have problems during the building phase, follow these steps in your
rm -rf node_modules
If you are using FreeBSD, you need to install these packages:
pkg install gmake redis python git npm node autoconf
You can update
npm itself right now with a
npm update -g
A few of the npm packages look for system binaries as part of their installation, and if missing will try to build it themselves. Installing these will save some time and allow for easier upgrades later:
pkg install jpeg-turbo optipng gifsicle
Because FreeBSD is shipped with CLANG and not GCC, you need to do this:
ln -s /usr/bin/clang++ /usr/local/bin/g++
To enable redis on boot, add this in your
Don't forget to start redis if you don't reboot now:
service redis start