The fastest way to install Xen Orchestra is to use our Appliance. You can deploy it by connecting into your XenServer and execute this:
bash -c "$(curl -s http://xoa.io/deploy)"
This won't write or modify anything into your XenServer system: it will just import XOA VM in your default storage repository.
XOA is a Debian VM with:
- Xen Orchestra already installed (nothing to do!)
- Tested with all bundled dependencies (QA)
- The web updater (update in one click)
- Support (+SSH support, tooling…)
- Secured system (sudo, firewall)
By default, this VM is configured with:
- 2 vCPUs
- 2GB of RAM
- 15GB of disk (10GB for
/and 5GB for
For usage on huge infrastructure (more than 500+ VMs), feel free to raise the RAM.
SSH on your XenServer, and execute this:
bash -c "$(curl -s http://xoa.io/deploy)"
And follow instructions:
- Your IP configuration will be requested: it's in DHCP by default, otherwise you can enter a fixed IP address (eg
- If DHCP is selected, the script will continue automatically. Otherwise, a netmask, gateway and DNS should be provided.
- XOA will be deployed on your default storage repository. You can move it elsewhere anytime after.
Download XOA on xen-orchestra.com. Once you've got the XVA file, you can import it with
xe vm-import filename=xoa_unified.xva or via XenCenter.
After the VM is imported, you just need to start it with a
xe vm-start vm="XOA Unified" or with XenCenter.
The first thing you need to do with your XOA, is to register. Read the documentation page dedicated to the updater/register inferface.
If you connect in SSH or via console, the default credentials are:
- user: xoa
- password: xoa
During your first connection, the system will ask to:
- enter again the current password (
- enter your new password
- retype your new password
When it's done, you'll be disconnected, so reconnect again with your new password.
Here is an example when you connect in SSH for the first time:
$ ssh email@example.com Warning: Permanently added '192.168.100.146' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts. firstname.lastname@example.org's password: You are required to change your password immediately (root enforced) __ __ ____ _ _ \ \ / / / __ \ | | | | \ V / ___ _ __ | | | |_ __ ___| |__ ___ ___| |_ _ __ __ _ > < / _ \ '_ \ | | | | '__/ __| '_ \ / _ \/ __| __| '__/ _` | / . \ __/ | | | | |__| | | | (__| | | | __/\__ \ |_| | | (_| | /_/ \_\___|_| |_| \____/|_| \___|_| |_|\___||___/\__|_| \__,_| Welcome to XOA Unified Edition, with Pro Support. * Restart XO: sudo systemctl restart xo-server.service * Display logs: sudo systemctl status xo-server.service * Register your XOA: sudo xoa-updater --register * Update your XOA: sudo xoa-updater --upgrade OFFICIAL XOA DOCUMENTATION HERE: https://xen-orchestra.com/docs/xoa.html Support available at https://xen-orchestra.com/#!/member/support Build number: 16.10.24 Based on Debian GNU/Linux 8 (Stable) 64bits in PVHVM mode WARNING: Your password has expired. You must change your password now and login again! Changing password for xoa. (current) UNIX password: Enter new UNIX password: Retype new UNIX password: passwd: password updated successfully Connection to 192.168.100.146 closed. $
To avoid typing
sudo for any admin command, you can have a root shell with
[05:24 27] xoa@xoa:~$ sudo -s We trust you have received the usual lecture from the local System Administrator. It usually boils down to these three things: #1) Respect the privacy of others. #2) Think before you type. #3) With great power comes great responsibility. [sudo] password for xoa: [05:24 27] xoa:xoa$
XOA is in DHCP by default, so if you need to configure the IP, please run the command
xoa network static. It will ask you network details:
$ xoa network static ? Static IP for this machine 192.168.100.120 ? Network mask (eg 255.255.255.0) 255.255.255.0 ? Gateway 192.168.100.254 ? IP of the DNS server 192.168.100.254
Xen Orchestra is now accessible in your browser on
You can access the VM console through XenCenter or using VNC through a SSH tunnel.
If you want to go back in DHCP, just use
xoa network dhcp
By default, if you need support, there is a dedicated user named
xoa-support. We are the only one with the private key. If you want our assistance on your XOA, you can open a private tunnel:
$ xoa support tunnel The support tunnel has been created. Do not stop this command before the intervention is over! Give this id to the support: 40713
Give us this number, we'll be able to access your XOA in a secure manner. Then, close the tunnel with
Ctrl+C after the support fixed your issue.
If you want to deactivate this bundled user, you can type
chage -E 0 xoa-support. To re-activate this account, you must use the
chage -E 1 xoa-support.
By default, XOA is firewalled, with only ports 22, 80 and 443 opened. You can see the current status of the firewall using
sudo ufw status verbose command:
Status: active Logging: on (low) Default: deny (incoming), allow (outgoing) New profiles: skip To Action From -- ------ ---- 22 ALLOW IN Anywhere 80 ALLOW IN Anywhere 443 ALLOW IN Anywhere 22/tcp LIMIT IN Anywhere 22 ALLOW IN Anywhere (v6) 80 ALLOW IN Anywhere (v6) 443 ALLOW IN Anywhere (v6) 22/tcp LIMIT IN Anywhere (v6)
If you want to open or close ports, please check the documentation of UFW.
Default user is email@example.com with admin as a password.
SECURITY NOTICE: create a new admin account and remove this one.
In any case, if you lose your password, you can reset the database and get the default credentials back.
You can verify if your time is correctly set with the
date command. To set XOA to your current timezone, use
sudo dpkg-reconfigure tzdata.
You can restart Xen Orchestra by going in XOA on SSH (or console) and type
systemctl restart xo-server.service.
To check the status of
systemctl status xo-server.service, it should display something like that:
xo-server.service - XO Server Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/xo-server.service; enabled) Active: active (running) since Thu 2014-08-14 10:59:46 BST; 21min ago Main PID: 394 (node) CGroup: /system.slice/xo-server.service └─394 node /usr/local/bin/xo-server Aug 14 10:59:46 xoa systemd: Starting XO Server... Aug 14 10:59:46 xoa systemd: Started XO Server. Aug 14 10:59:48 xoa xo-server: WebServer listening on http://0.0.0.0:80
If you still use the first XOA (which is not the "unified" version), you could migrate easily all your settings (ACLs, users, server, etc.) to the new one painlessly.
To do that, go into "Settings/Config" of your old XOA. Export the configuration: you'll download a
Now, go to your new unified XOA, "Settings/Config" and import the
config.json file you downloaded previously, by doing a drag and drop: